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Sabtu, 13 Ogos 2011

06 di janda baik - Google Blog Search

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06 di janda baik - Google Blog Search


EnHui @ Unschooling: Hawa Resort, <b>Janda Baik</b> 23 July 2011

Posted: 03 Aug 2011 09:13 AM PDT

I found this row of chalets to be the best accomodation at Hawa, located beside the river. Unfortunately,  some of the chalets are facing the canteen and wash area which can be noisy and dirty.  "Pulai" or "Sentul" chalet has the best location.  It fits 2-3 people or a family of 4 with 2 young children.
The river in front of the chalets.
Hanging bridge that lead to an obstable course.
The row of dorms which fit big group. 3 dormitories share common toilets/showers which are located behind the dorm.
The first three dormitories's (refer to photo above) toilets/showers area is between the dorm and  staff quarters. Do remember to bring newspaper/tape to cover the low window which can be easily peep through from the back.    
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06 di bentong - Google Blog Search

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06 di bentong - Google Blog Search


9 – 10 Julai 2011: Kill Kill Die Die <b>di</b> Gunung Rajah, <b>Bentong</b> <b>...</b>

Posted: 24 Jul 2011 07:33 PM PDT

Gunung Rajah yang terletak di Bentong, Pahang menjadi puncak ketujuh di daki untuk tahun 2011 apabila Penulis mengikuti trip anjuran Wild Juction pada hujung minggu 9 dan 10 Julai 2011.

Ekpedisi kali ini agak menarik kerana hujung minggu tersebut merupakan hujung minggu perarakan Bersih 2.0 di bandaraya Kuala Lumpur, dan pendakian ini boleh dianggap sebagai melarikan diri daripada kekalutan Bersih tersebut. Perjalanan Penulis dari Lembah Pantai – Lebuhraya Persekutuan – Jalan Syed Putra – Lebuhraya Mahameru – Jalan Tun Razak – Jalan Lingkaran Tengah 2 – Tol Gombak berjalan lancar tanpa sebarang halangan. Namun begitu, trafik di Tol Gombak dari Malaysia Barat menghadapi kesesakan lalulintas yang teruk yang dianggarkan sepanjang lebih dari 7 kilometer apabila pihak polis memeriksa satu persatu kenderaan yang memasuki Kuala Lumpur.

Penulis dan rakan-rakan lain berhenti makan di R&R Genting Sempah pada jam 2330hrs untuk makan lewat malam dan mula beransur ke Bentong jam 0100hrs 9 Julai 2011. Kami berhenti sekali lagi di Petronas untuk minum kopi dan seterusnya menuju ke Bentong dan tiba di Lata Chamang sekitar jam 0230hrs. Lata Chamang merupakan pintu masuk untuk ke Gunung Rajah, dan sering menjadi pilihan penduduk sekitar untuk beriadah di hujung minggu.

SABTU, 9 JULAI 2011

Kami bangun semula pada jam 0650hrs untuk solat Subuh dan bersiap untuk mendaki. Para peserta semakin ramai dan mencecah jumlah 41 orang apabila 4 juru pandu arah ekpedisi ini memberi taklimat ringkas sebelum memulakan pendakian tepat jam 0930hrs.

Menyediakan sarapan pagi.

Menyediakan sarapan pagi.

Bergambar selepas taklimat pendakian.

Bergambar selepas taklimat pendakian.

Bersedia untuk mendaki!

Bersedia untuk mendaki!

Satu jam pertama kami hanya melalui trek balak yang landai bertanah merah, dan dapat melihat beberapa buah rumah kepunyaan Orang Asli setempat. Seterusnya, pendaki melalui trek dengan pokok buluh yang tumbang di sepanjang jalan selama kira-kira 30 minit.

Setelah melalui trek balak selama satu jam.

Setelah melalui trek balak selama satu jam.

Berehat sebentar di permatang sebelum menuju ke Lata Naning.

Berehat sebentar di permatang sebelum menuju ke Lata Naning.

Trek seterusnya melintasi aliran air untuk beberapa kali dan akhir kami berhenti di Lata Naning pada jam 1415hrs. Lata Naning cukup selesa bagi kami para pendaki dengan aliran air terjun yang besar dan kawasan berbatuan landai yang menjadi tempat kami rehat, solat serta makan tengahari. Terdapat juga pengunjung (yang tidak mendaki Gunung Rajah) yang sanggup trek dari Lata Chamang hingga ke lata ini untuk mandi.

Melalui trek pokok tumbang.

Melalui trek pokok tumbang.

Tiba di Lata Naning.

Tiba di Lata Naning.

Terjun tiruk di Lata Naning!

Terjun tiruk di Lata Naning!

Permandangan luas untuk Lata Naning.

Permandangan luas untuk Lata Naning.

Setelah semua selesai, kumpulan Penulis meneruskan pendakian selama satu jam menuju ke tapak perkhemahan kami di Kem Hijau yang dilewati pada jam 1550hrs. Kumpulan Penulis menjadi antara peserta ekspedisi terawal sampai di Kem Hijau, dan ini membenarkan kami untuk melebarkan khemah kami di tempat yang selesa. Kem Hijau cukup luas untuk memuatkan kira-kira 50 orang pada satu-satu masa dan mempunyai sumber air yang cukup untuk kami berkubang.

Tiba di Kem Hijau!

Tiba di Kem Hijau!

Merentang tali untuk mendirikan khemah.

Merentang tali untuk mendirikan khemah.

Melabuhkan flysheet.

Melabuhkan flysheet.

Semua ahli ekpedisi tiba di Kem Hijau pada sekita jam 1830hrs, dan kami terus bersiap mandi dan menyediakan makan malam. Untuk kumpulan Penulis, makan malam adalah berupa nasi putih dengan sayur cendawan / kulat, ayam madu pedas dan telur dadar. Sebagai hidangan sampingan, terdapat juga penkek sebagai kudapan penghilang lapar. Setelah selesai makan malam, sedikit taklimat ringkas mengenai jadual mendaki ke puncak Rajah pada keesokan paginya, diberikan.

AHAD, 10 JULAI 2011

Seawal jam 0300hrs, para peserta ekspedisi dikejutkan oleh juru pandu arah untuk kami meneruskan pendakian ke puncak. Langit kelihatan cerah dengan gugusan bintang menyinar terang pada malam tersebut. Setelah semua peserta bersedia dan selepas sedikit regangan, peserta ekspedisi memulakan pedakian tepat secara free body jam 0400hrs.

Sekitar jam 0355hrs. Sejuk tahu!

Sekitar jam 0355hrs. Sejuk tahu!

Cuaca agak sejuk, namun tidak dirasai kerana trek agak mencanak sehingga 75 darjah pada anggaran kasar Penulis. Kami tiba di Kem Permatang pada jam 0435hrs dan sekadar berehat 5 minit dan di sini kami dapat melihat puncak Gunung Rajah yang bakal ditawan tidak lama lagi.

Rehat di Kem Permatang.

Rehat di Kem Permatang.

Dari Kem Parmatang, Penulis melalui satu bahagian trek vertical rock yang memacak; di mana Penulis perlu menggunakan tali untuk mendaki, pada jam 0545hrs. Seterusnya, kami melewati perhentian terakhir, Punca Air Terakhir atau Last Water Point (LWP) tepat jam 0615hrs yang digunakan peluang oleh para pendaki untuk solat Subuh di sini.

Meragas vertical rock pagi-pagi buta.

Meragas vertical rock pagi-pagi buta.

Di Punca Air Terakhir.

Di Punca Air Terakhir.

Sekitar jam 0630hrs, Penulis terus menuju ke puncak Gunung Rajah dan tiba tepat jam 0705hrs. Puncak Rajah mempunyai pemandangan 360 darjah, namun kabus menutupi pemandangan kami. Puncak Rajah cukup luas untuk menempatkan para pendaki pada satu-satu masa jika berdiri. Terdapat kawasan yang rendah sedikit dari puncak jika ada pendaki yang mahu bermalam di puncak.

Bergambar di puncak Rajah!

Bergambar di puncak Rajah!

Yours truly.

Yours truly.

Bersama penganjur ekspedisi, Wild Junction Team.

Bersama pengajur ekspedisi, Wild Junction Team.

Bersama semua pendaki Gunung Rajah.

Bersama semua pendaki Gunung Rajah.

Jam menandakan pukul 0900hrs apabila Penulis beransur ke Kem Hijau. Perjalanan turun adalah sukar memandangkan trek adalah curam di mana para peserta perlu menjaga dari terlalu banyak brek dan menyakitkan kaki. Tepat jam 1030hrs, Penulis tiba di tapak perkhemahan Kem Hijau.

Penulis dan rakan-rakan bersama para juru pandu arah.

Penulis dan rakan-rakan bersama para juru pandu arah.

Kami semua berehat, makan dan mandi lagi sebelum mula mengemas untuk pulang, di mana perjalanan turun bermula pada jam 1300hrs. Penulis dan rakan-rakan berhenti beberapa kali sehingga tiba di Lata Naning untuk melepaskan lelah, solat serta makan tengahari sekitar jam 1445hrs. Akhirnya, ekpedisi berakhir tepat jam 1730hrs dengan Penulis dan beberapa pendaki lain menjadi kumpulan pertama tiba di perkarangan Lata Chamang.

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06 di lurah bilut - Google Blog Search

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06 di lurah bilut - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di lurah bilut</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 07 Aug 2011 09:37 PM PDT

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Blog Felda: felda <b>lurah bilut</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 06 Jun 2011 12:00 AM PDT

Alhamdulillah, dari 15hb Mei hingga 18hb Mei kami berada di tanah FELDA Lurah Bilut seterusnya ke Felda Sungai Koyan meninggalkan kesan yang sangat dalam dalam lubuk hati. Pelbagai yang indah-indah telah melekat ke dalam anak mata sehingga sekarang masih terbayang-bayang akannya. Ditambah dengan penduduk di kedua-dua buah Felda yang sangat peramah dan sporting. Sehingga membuatkan kami berat kaki untuk melangkah dan meninggalkan tanah keramat pertama yang kami jejaki itu.

Bermula di Felda Lurah bilut bertemu di sana bersama Encik Hussin seorang pengurus Muzium di sana. Sekaligus merupakan salah seorang mangsa interview kami dalam Filem Dokumentari FELDA: RAHSIA BUMI KERAMAT.

Peribadi Encik Hussin amat menyenangkan kami semua. Melayan kami bagai tetamu diRaja. Crew filem dokumentari ini sangat menghargai pelawaan Encik Hussin ke tempat-tempat menarik untuk dilawati. Terutamanya, di sekitar Lurah Bilut. Sehingga juga membuatkan hilang rasa kepenatan dan perasaan jauh untuk ke sana.

Lurah Bilut merupakan sebuah kawasan penempatan FELDA yang terletak di Bentong, Pahang. Ia mula dibuka pada tahun 1958 dan merupakan rancangan pembangunan tanah secara berkelompok untuk pertanian yang pertama ditubuhkan seumpamanya di Malaysia dan dunia.Felda Lurah Bilut adalah merupakan kawasan FELDA yang pertama ditubuhkan di Malaysia. Penempatan penduduk dibahagikan mengikut kawasan asal penduduk datang. Contohnya penduduk berasal dari Pulau Pinang dikumpulkan penempatan mereka di Jalan Pulau Pinang. Kegiatan pertanian utama adalah penanaman Getah dan Kelapa Sawit. Penduduk terdiri daripada kaum Melayu, Cina dan India. Sistem pemusatan pentadbiran sekolah rendah di FELDA Lurah Bilut adalah merupakan Sekolah Wawasan pertama dan model dalam pembentukan sekolah wawasan di seluruh Malaysia. Memang menarik jika singgah ke sana. 

Kami dibawa menaiki tangki sekolah dihadapan muzium terbabit. Memang seronok sekali. Sudahlah dijamu dengan makanan sebelum memulakan pendakian ke puncak tangki. Dibawa pula dengan bekal-bekalan seperti goreng pisang, air ABC, ubi goreng sebagai kudap-kudapan. Perasaan terharu mula menjalar dalam diri masing-masing.

Memulakan pendakian ke atas puncak tangki merubah perasaan kami yang ghairah untuk ke sana dengan gerun dan cemas sedikit. Mana tidaknya, untuk ke puncak memang cerun, tambahan pula tiada unsur keselamatan sewaktu pendakian. Hanya berbekalkan barang-barang equipment shooting sehelai sepinggang dan kudap-kudapan tadi sahaja. Bait-bait semangat kental yang masih ada untuk kami juga menjadi kayu api untuk membakar perjuangan pendakian tersebut. Alangkah indahnya! Jika dinikmati pemandangan sekitar dari atas. Hilang perasaan penat, gayat dan gerun itu tadi. Memang indah dan damai Lurah Bilut. 

To be conti, sebab nak gi makan..hihi geng crew dah datang tu...

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06 di merapoh - Google Blog Search

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06 di merapoh - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di merapoh</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 03 Aug 2011 10:11 PM PDT

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Malaysia Zoom » <b>Merapoh</b> bakal jadi pusat pertumbuhan baharu

Posted: 03 Aug 2011 04:04 PM PDT

KEDUDUKAN strategik kawasan Merapoh di Lipis yang menjadi penghubung antara Kota Bharu, Kelantan dengan Lembah Klang membolehkan kawasan itu berpotensi dibangunkan menjadi pusat sehenti dan bandar baharu.

Merapoh yang bersempadan dengan daerah Gua Musang, Kelantan kini menjadi destinasi persinggahan lebih 300 buah bas ekspres setiap hari sama ada untuk berhenti makan atau berehat.

Tempias pembangunan di Merapoh berasaskan pelancongan, pertanian dan alam sekitar dapat merancakkan lagi program lawatan sehari pelancong ke bandar bersejarah Kuala Lipis.

Wartawan Utusan Malaysia, HARIS FADILAH AHMAD menemubual Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri (ADUN) Padang Tengku, DATUK ABDUL RAHMAN MOHAMAD mengenai misi dan visi pembangunan di kawasan Lipis Timur itu.

UTUSAN: Mengapa Merapoh berpotensi sebagai sebuah pusat bandar baharu di Lipis?

ABDUL RAHMAN: Sejak 20 tahun lalu, saya melihat Merapoh sering disinggahi banyak bas ekspres yang membawa ramai penumpang di hentian rawat dan rehat (R&R) untuk berehat dan berbelanja.

Sehubungan itu, kawasan tersebut berpotensi dibangunkan sebagai pusat jualan hasil kampung yang diusahakan oleh petani seperti di R&R Sungai Perak di Perak.

Kemudahan jalan raya yang baik dan laluan kereta api antara Kelantan dan Pahang merupakan antara kemudahan yang mempercepatkan pertumbuhan Merapoh.

Ia sekali gus membantu pembangunan pertanian, pelancongan dan industri desa di kampung tradisional termasuk penempatan Orang Asli berdekatan Merapoh.

Sektor apakah yang memainkan peranan dalam memajukan kawasan ini?

Saya yakin sektor pertanian antara katalis utama membantu memajukan pusat pertumbuhan baharu di sini.

Pembabitan aktif petani menjual hasil kampung termasuk buah-buahan tempatan menjadikan Merapoh sebagai pusat persinggahan R&R yang dikenali ramai.

Justeru, Jabatan Pertanian dan Pertubuhan Peladang Kawasan (PPK) di sini menggalakkan penduduk tempatan memajukan tanah terbiar untuk projek pertanian.

Lembaga Pemasaran Pertanian Persekutuan (FAMA) turut membantu pemasaran dengan menyediakan kemudahan jualan, khidmat pasaran dan pusat pengumpulan hasil pertanian kedua terbesar di Lipis.

Apakah projek kemudahan asas yang sedang dan telah dilaksanakan oleh kerajaan negeri di Merapoh?

Bagi merancakkan sektor perniagaan di Merapoh, Majlis Daerah Lipis (MDL) membina enam ruang perniagaan dan kedai makan untuk peniaga di sini.

Kita juga sedang membina pasar baharu bernilai RM277,000 untuk kemudahan penduduk dan pelancong berbelanja.

PPK Merapoh sedang merancang membangunkan stesen minyak miliknya sebagai pusat sehenti yang menawarkan pelbagai perkhidmatan seperti kawasan R&R, mesin pengeluaran wang automatik (ATM), restoran, gerai makan, cenderamata dan kraf tangan.

Hasrat PPK membangunkan kawasan berkenaan dengan lebih terancang bagi menarik bas ekspres berhenti di situ seterusnya membantu penduduk meningkatkan taraf ekonomi sekali gus memberi peluang kepada para pesertanya berniaga bagi memasarkan pelbagai produk pertanian, makanan, makanan ringan dan kraf tangan.

Kerajaan negeri juga memperuntukkan wang yang banyak untuk membina pam galak dan menaiktaraf bekalan air bersih di sekitar Merapoh, Pagar Sasak, Sungai Temau dan Chegar Perah.

Apakah projek pertanian terbesar yang bakal direalisasikan dalam tempoh terdekat ini di Merapoh?

FAMA akan mewujudkan Terminal Makanan Negara (Teman) di Kechau Tui berdekatan Merapoh sebagai pusat pengumpulan dan pengedaran produk pertanian di kawasan Pahang Barat.

Hasrat FAMA untuk mewujudkan pusat itu berikutan banyak produk pertanian di daerah ini dan kawasan sekitarnya dan boleh dipasarkan di premis perniagaan dan pasar harian di Merapoh.

Kechau Tui yang berdekatan dengan Merapoh sebagai hab pasaran makanan utama di Pahang Barat juga dilengkapi kemudahan teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi (ICT) untuk memudahkan hubungan antara pengeluar, pembekal dan pengguna.

Projek itu dijalankan dengan kerjasama Jabatan Pertanian, Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia (AIM) dan Lembaga Pertubuhan Peladang (LPP).

Apakah kesan yang akan wujud apabila kerajaan negeri menaiktaraf Merapoh sebagai pusat pertumbuhan baru berasaskan pertanian dan pelancongan di Lipis?

Penduduk Merapoh dijangka terus bertambah dan peluang memajukan tanah terbiar dengan projek pertanian serta industri desa dapat menawarkan peluang pekerjaan sekali gus meningkatkan pendapatan penduduk.

Kerajaan Pusat juga akan menaik taraf jalan Lipis-Gua Musang dengan membina laluan empat lorong menerusi projek pembangunan Wilayah Ekonomi Pantai Timur (ECER) bermula dari Pelangai, Bentong hingga ke sempadan Gua Musang dalam usaha menjana pertumbuhan ekonomi setempat.

Dengan pelaksanaan projek itu, saya berharap Merapoh akan turut menikmati hasil limpahan ECER dan menjadi sebuah bandar baharu selain menjadi pintu masuk ke Taman Negara yang menawarkan pelancongan bertaraf dunia.

Dipetik dari Utusan Malaysia

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BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di merapoh</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 07 Aug 2011 09:16 PM PDT

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BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di merapoh</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 30 Jun 2011 12:00 AM PDT

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BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di merapoh</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 30 Jun 2011 09:23 PM PDT

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BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di merapoh</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 20 Jun 2011 09:04 PM PDT

Sesungguhnya pada kejadian langit dan bumi dan (pada) pertukaran malam dan siang dan (pada) kapal-kapal yang belayar di laut dengan membawa benda-benda yang bermanfaat kepada manusia; demikian juga (pada) air hujan yang Allah turunkan dari langit lalu Allah hidupkan dengannya tumbuh-tumbuhan di bumi sesudah matinya, serta Dia biakkan padanya dari berbagai-bagai jenis binatang; demikian juga (pada) peredaran angin dan awan yang tunduk (kepada kuasa Allah) terapung-apung di antara langit dengan bumi; sesungguhnya (pada semuanya itu) ada tanda-tanda (yang membuktikan keesaan Allah kekuasaanNya, kebijaksanaanNya dan keluasan rahmatNya) bagi kaum yang (mahu) menggunakan akal fikiran
al Baqarah : 164

Sesungguhnya Kami menciptakan tiap-tiap sesuatu menurut Taqdir (yang telah ditetapkan)
al Qamar : 49

Taman Negara telah ditubuhkan pada tahun 1938/ 1939 yang meliputi tiga buah negeri di semenanjung malazi yakni Pahe, kelate, Tranung
Dahulunya di sebut sebagai King George V National Park bagi memperingati jubli Perak Kerajaan Diraja Britain
Selepas kemerdekaan pada tahun 1957 namanya ditukar kepada Taman Negara
Taman Negara meliputi kawasan seluas 4343km persegi bersamaan 434300 hektar.
Taman Negara negeri pahe seluas 2477 km persegi bersamaan 247700 hektar
Taman Negara negeri Kelate Darul Naim seluas 1013 km persegi bersamaan 101300 hektar diikuti taman Negara negeri tranung seluas 853 km persegi bersamaan 85300 hektar
Dasar Perundangan yang dikuatkuasa di Taman Negara ialah Enakmen Taman Negara Pahe No.2 tahun 1939; Enakmen taman Negara Kelate no 14 tahun 1938 dan enakmen taman Negara Tranung no 6 tahun 1939
Objektif penubuhan Taman Negara adalah seperti dinyatakan dalam enakmen taman Negara

The park is hereby dedicated , set aside and reserve in perpetuity in trust for the purpose of the propagation, protection and preservation of the indigenous fauna anf flora , and the preservation of objects and places of aesthetic, histirical or scientific interest…

Taman negara selaku suatu ecosystem hutan yang kaya yang telah berusia 130 million tahun menyediakan suatu yang istimewa kepada pengunjungnya untuk mengalami suatu pengalaman yang mendamaikan dengan kekayaan fauna serta flora . sungai sungai yang jernih mengalir dari lembah
. taman Negara ditubuhkan untuk mengekalkan hutan dara yang bersih dari pencemaran…
Uadara yang bersih serta air sungai yang jernih cukup mendamaikan minda Insan yang berkunjung.
Puncak Gunung Tahan 2187 meter bersamaan 7175.20342 kaki ….sifir 1 meter= 3.2808429 kaki selaku Puncak gunung Tertinggi di Tanah Semenanjung Malazi.

Hutan Tanah Pamah dipterokarp yang merupakan sebahagian besar Tanah taman Negara yakni seluas 2501.568 km persegi ( 250156.8 hektar…menampung kira kira 14000 spesies tumbuhan, 200 spesies mamalia 300 spesies burung.
Terdapat 80 spesies kelawar dan 30 spesies tikus telah ditemui di taman Negara.
Taman Negara jua merupakan ecosystem hutan yang didiami oleh ikan serta reptilian
Taman Negara memiliki dirian hutan yang kaya terdiri dari sepsis kayu Chengal, Meranti Seraya, Meranti Tembaga, Meranti Sarang Punai, Meranti Bukit, Meranti Kepong, Kempas, Merbau, Kemuning, Keruing, Nyatoh, serta lesser known spesies yang banyak seperti sesendok, bintangor, etc.

Awan meliputi puncak gunung tahan serta buleh ditemui pada ketinggaian 1500 meter bersamaan 4921.26435 kaki above sea level.

Menurut ahli ekologi hutan, jenis hutan ditentukan menerusi ketinggian tanah dari aras laut

Jenis hutan mengikut ketinggian dari aras laut di Negara Malazi

4921kaki=1500meter ke atas

Upper Montane Forest
-also known as ericaceous forest
-sparse foliage, gnarled and stocky branches
-abundance of moss and lichen and perpetually damp due to dense cloudcover and mist

Antara 3937kaki= 1200meter hingga 4921kaki=1500 meter

Montane forest
-also known as montane oak forest
-less dense forest; often mistshrouded and damp and contains unique species like ferns and certain conifers

Antara 2460 kaki=750meter hingga 3937kaki=1200meter

Upperhill dipterokarp forest
-Characterized by the presence of shorea platyclados, agathis borneensis, calophyllum spp and dipterocarpus

Antara 984kaki=300meter hingga 2460kaki=750meter
-Area Burung Tiong Mas hime ranges…
Hill dipterocarp forest
-Occurs on the inland malazi mountain ranges and contains many of common lowland species
-dominance os shorea curtisii (meranti tembaga…which ends to be gregarious here

984kaki=300meter ke bawah
Lowland dipterocarp forest (kebanyakan kawasan ini sudah bertukar menjadi lading kelapa sawit serta lading getah…

Telah diusaha hasilkan (selaku production forest sejak 39 tahun lalu…
-well drained forest, dense and rich in biodiversity

Coastal Hill Forest
-characterised by the presence of shorea glauca (meranti kepong…, irvingia malayana, Eugenia spp (kelat…and shorea curtisii (meranti tembaga…

Peat swamp forest (paya gambut….
-contains commercially important species such as Gonystyllus bancanus (ramin…and shorea platycarpa (meranti paya…

Mangrove forest ( paya bakau…. ( 0 meter… ke atas sehingga peat swamp forest
-Forms a transition from land to sea, linking terrestrial and marine ecosystem and sheltering tropical shores with trees and shrubs

Forestry Department Headquarters Semenanjung malazi
Jalan Sultan Salahuddin
50660 KL
Tel 03 2988244
Fax 603-2925657

Anda buleh merujuk map askar skala 1:50000 untuk melihat ketinggian bukit dari aras laut… above sea level…
Map helaian 4063 adalah kawasan Chiku bersempadan dengan Taman Negara Kelate
Artikel ini dibuat pada 4.5.2009…
Time 8.46 am

Anggaran bilangan harimau di Taman Negara adalah 100 harimau, bilangan gajah dianggarkan 450 gajah yang menjadikan taman Negara selaku home range bagi dua fauna yang utama di Negara ini…
Badak Sumatra dianggar bilangan 12 badak yang menjadikan Taman Negara selaku home range… dengan sumber makanan yang banyak di dalam hutan Taman Negara…

Satu hektar hutan taman Negara mengandungi kira kira 100 spesies tumbuhan yang membekalkan makanan kepada gajah seladang, badak, rusa, kijang,pelanduk.
Spesies mamalia yang disebut dalam English selaku Bear Cat jua terdapat di sini.
Musang, landak, burung kuang, burung Tiong mas, burung bayan nuri, burung serindit, serta banyak burung yang menjadikan Hutan Taman Negara selaku home range yang Aman serta mendamaikan

Hutan Taman Negara adalah Khazanah Negara yang harus dipertahankan demi penerusan warisan Negara untuk generasi Insan pada masa depan.

Sungai tahan mengalir dari gunung tahan menuju ke Kuala T
Gua Telinga, gua daun Menari, gua luar merupakan gua yang terkenal di Kuala Tahan
Stalaktik dan stalagmite dapat dilihat terdapat di dalam gua tersebut
Gua Peningat dari banjran batu kapur terdapat di Merapoh yang jua merupakan laluan masuk ke hutan Taman Negara. Gua ini terletak 8.8 meter dari Sungai Relau, Merapoh. Gua gajah jua terdapat di Merapoh yakni dalam jarak 5.5 km dari Sungai Relau.

Gua Bi'wah dan Gua Taat buleh ditemui setelah menaiki speed bot dalam tempoh 2 hour dari Pengkalan Kawi di Kuala Berang
Artifak purba ditemui seperti perkakasan dapur, kapak, dan peralatan yang menunjukkan kewujudan era Neolithic (4000 sebelum masihi…

Rakyat dari Sumatra dikatakan buleh berjalan kaki menuju ke Melaka pada era Neolithic tersebut.

Taman Negara merupakan tempat yang diminati ramai untuk aktiviti memancing terutama di hulu sungai Tahan

Lata Berkoh merupakan kawasan berkelah yang baik dikeliling pokok serta lanskap tunbuhan yang menarik.

Mendaki Gunung Tahan
Terdapat dua laluan untuk mendaki gunung tahan
Pertama mengikut laluan Merapoh hingga ke puncak Gunung Tahan
Kedua Mula mendaki dari Kuala Tahan hingga ke puncak

Laluan yang mudah ialah mula mendaki dari Merapoh menerusi kuala Juram sehingga sampai ke puncak gunung Tahan. Kemudianmenuruni Gunung tahan menuju ke Kuala Juram seterus nya ke Merapoh. Lauan ini adalah yang mudah jika dibandingkan laluan dari kuala tahan yang lebih mencabar.
Laluan jip sepanjang 13 km ke kaki Gunung tahan telah dibina di Merapoh bagi memudahkan pendakian ke puncak gunung Tahan. Lauan Jip ini menuju ke kuala Juram yang mana air sungainya cukup jernih di kelaskan dalam kelas pertama dari aspek kebersihan airnya.

Titian silara…canopy walkway

Titian silara sepanjang 231 meter telah dibina di silara pokokpada tahun 1993 dan fasa kedua sepanjang jarak 200 meter telah dibina pada tahun 1995. Titian silara di taman Negara kelate sepanjang 230 meter telah dibina pada tahun 2000.

Kampong Yong mereupakan kampong ore asli batek yang mana satu bentuk penempatan ore asli di Negara ini.

Aktiviti pemerhatian burung buleh dijalankan dengan melihat variasi burung seperti jenis rimba, sambar, merbah, tiong mas, bayan nuri, serindit, kelicap kunyit, etc
Aktiviti photografi jua buleh dijalankan dengan pandangan yang menarik serta kejernihan air sungai yang mengalir… mendamaikan.

Sungai Relau terletak kira kira 7 km dari Bandar Merapoh yang mana

Jarak antara Gua Musang dengan Merapoh adalah 34km manakala jarak Bandar kuala Lipis dengan Merapoh adalah 100km.

Perkhidmatan Keretapi antara Gemas lembah Kelang dan Tumpat…

Tanjong Mentong buleh ditemui setelah menaiki speed bot dari pengkalan kawi Kuala berang Tranung kite…
Jarak nya dari kuala tranung adalah 55 km.
Pengkalan kawi adalah pintu masuk untuk ber rekreasi di tasik Kenyir setelah pemanduan selama 1 hour dari kuala tranung.

Taman Negara Kelate buleh ditemui setelah memandu 230km dari Lembah Kelang dan 185 km kota bharu. 45 km dari gua Musang…dengan jalan berturap melalauyi felda aring

Permit masuk taman Negara RM1.00 per person
Lesen untuk photografi RM5.00 per unit
Lessen Memancing RM10.00 per unit
Bumbun RM5.00 per person
Yuran perkhemahan RM1.00 per person per day
Titian silara RM5.00 utk dewasa RM3 untuk kanak kanak

Penginapan di taman Negara

Kuala tahan …kebanyakannya diswastakan

Mutiara Resort 09-2663500
Ekoton chalet 09-2669897
Agoh chalet 09-2669570
Liana Hostel 09-2669322
Tahan Guest House 09-2667752
Teresek View 09-2667839
Nusa camp 09-2662369

Sungai Relau Merapoh
Jabatan punya kemudahan 09-9124894
Encik Basir adalah sahabat saya…menguruskan kawasan di sini

Kuala Koh…Lubuk Kedah taman Negara Kelate
Jabatan yang uruskan 09-9282952

Tanjong Mentong …menerusi Pengkalan kawi kuala berang
Jabatan uruskan

Fungsi hutan selaku protected area:
1.the protection of soils from erosion
2.safeguards for watershed systems,
3.maintenance of ground water reserves
4. behaving as part of carbon dioxide absorbing global "lung"
5.maintaining ground water aquifers- liquified natural gas and a fertilizer plant

These aquifers are the most important source of freshwater supply for both industrial and domestic purposes

Freshwater from aquifers

An excellent natural laboratory for studying biological and ecological aspects of dipterocarp forest, endangered animal and plant species and genetic resources.

Function as a control ecosystem for the study of human impacts on tropical forest ecosystems so that management strategies and programs can be properly designed.

The research and educational functions of the park have been utilized by both domestic and international academic communities.

Tourists have been attracted by the beauty of the scenery, the opportunities of observing nature, hiking, camping, and canoeing along the rivers.

Contoh saya berikan...

Hutan yang tumbuh di bukit serta gunung adalah kawasan tadahan air yang mana akar pokok buleh berfungsi untuk melambatkan pergerakan air dari awan menuju ke sungai dengan daya menampan di daun poko, batang pokok dahan, ranting akar pokok...buleh di tamsilkan seperti penapis teh di kedai mamak yang mana serbuk teh menyebabkan air teh turun dengan perlahan ke dalam gelas...

jika tiada pokok di bukit serta gunung di negara ini...air hujan yang turun akan terus mengalir ke sungai dengan membawa bersama sedimen butiran tanah yang impack kepada sungai menjadi tohor serta air sungai akan keruh...
jika keruh di hulu negari ...biasa akan keruh di muara sungai...

contoh saya berikan dengan kita harvest logging operation kayu yang berdiri di dirian hutan dengan mendapat RM sebanyak RM12 million bagi 100 hektar dirian hutan yang kaya dengan kayu meranti

Bila hujan turun dengan banyak air sungai Pahe akan melimpah naik ke daratan dimana rakyat mendirikan rumah serta kedai...Banjir melanda...Berapa kerugian akibat banjir kesan dari logging operation yang rakus...

banjir mungkin melanda beberapa tahun selagi sungai tidak di dalam kan akibat sedimen butiran tanah yang telah mendap di dasar sungai...Sungai serta parit perlu di dalamkan supaya tidak melimpah sekiranya hujan menimpa bumi...
Jika ada dirian hutan InsyaAllah air hujan yang menimpa pokok di dirian hutan dapat melambatkan aliran permukaan air di permukaan tanah ( water surface flowing...
Maka fikirlah rakyat dari hanya nakkan RM 12 million tadi...

Puliharalah hutan Khazanah Negara ...

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06 di chenor - Google Blog Search

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06 di chenor - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di chenor</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 05 Jul 2011 12:00 AM PDT

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BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di chenor</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 05 Jul 2011 12:00 AM PDT

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BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di chenor</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 06 Jul 2011 12:00 AM PDT

17 Jun 2011 :

Shift sebelah pagi dari pukul 8.30 pagi-12.00 tengahari di bilik Pesta Konvo bersama Wan.

Janganlah banyak sangat briefing nye. Keh tok gemor menulis report. Yang penting, selama aku duty, kofem nak curi keluar. Beb, dah masuk due date submit assignment. Aku tak print,burn,binding satu habuk lagi ni. Hari ni kedai semua cari pasal aku. Asal aku pergi je, tutup. Mudah-mudahan esok berjalan dengan lancar.

8.15 malam pulak, bengkel pengurusan komunikasi Pesta Konvo. HO HO HO, ada juga kursus komunikasi. Adoiilaahh. NAK PERGI TAK NAK PERGI NAK PERGI TAK NAK PERGI

18 Jun 2011 :

Watikah Perlantikan Seketariat Pesta Konvo di Canselori. Wajib kepada MT (Majlis Tertinggi.) Aminnnn. Selamat tak payah pergi. Lega !

20 Jun 2011 :

Peperiksaan Akhir : PMPI di DKTAMS pada jam 8.30 pagi-11.00pagi. Selepas di DKTAMS, tak sempat dah aku nak balik bilik rasanya. Jam 12.00 tengahari-5.00 petang shift sebelah petang di bilik Pesta Konvo bersama Ana. Memang sah, angkut semua buku-buku untuk study. Jangan kacau aku study walaupun tengah duty.

21 Jun 2011 :

Peperiksaan Akhir : KU di DKTAMS pada jam 8.30 pagi-11.00 pagi. Habis exam, berkejar balik KKM untuk kemas barang. HAA, petang-petang la check out dari KKM. Lagipun, kunci bilik di UO dah ada. Tak payah la nak berkejar dengan waktu pejabat.

Lunyai aku macam ni asyik nak berkejar. Kereta sewa pun tak cari dan booking lagi. Adooii

24 Jun – 26 Jun 2011 :

Kursus Pemantapan Pesta. Tempat masih menjadi tanda tanya. Aigooo, berkem la plak kalau dibuat luar daripada UKM. huhu.

2 Julai 2011 :

Undangan Majlis Perkahwinan Fiza dan pasangan di Taman Pelangi. Kalau Pesta tak tahan aku, aku akan cuba pulang. Masalahnya, nak ambil cuti, kena mohon 3 hari lebih awal. Kang, ada je aku cabut balik. HA HA HA. Muni ! Think your credit. Ok. Fine ==!

and, saya dipelawa oleh Kak Lida untuk menjadi fasilitator program motivasi di SM Teknik Pertanian di Chenor, Pahang. Interesting ! Nak ikut. Semua ditanggung, yang penting jadi fasi. TAPI, [sob sob sob], 3 hari 2 malam bermula pada 17 Jun sehingga 19 Jun 2011. Kalau join, tak study la jawabnya. Manakan sama study tempat sendiri dengan tempat orang. Tempat jatuh lagi ku kenang [Gara-gara jatuh hari itu]. :D

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BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di chenor</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 05 Jul 2011 12:00 AM PDT

17 Jun 2011 :

Shift sebelah pagi dari pukul 8.30 pagi-12.00 tengahari di bilik Pesta Konvo bersama Wan.

Janganlah banyak sangat briefing nye. Keh tok gemor menulis report. Yang penting, selama aku duty, kofem nak curi keluar. Beb, dah masuk due date submit assignment. Aku tak print,burn,binding satu habuk lagi ni. Hari ni kedai semua cari pasal aku. Asal aku pergi je, tutup. Mudah-mudahan esok berjalan dengan lancar.

8.15 malam pulak, bengkel pengurusan komunikasi Pesta Konvo. HO HO HO, ada juga kursus komunikasi. Adoiilaahh. NAK PERGI TAK NAK PERGI NAK PERGI TAK NAK PERGI

18 Jun 2011 :

Watikah Perlantikan Seketariat Pesta Konvo di Canselori. Wajib kepada MT (Majlis Tertinggi.) Aminnnn. Selamat tak payah pergi. Lega !

20 Jun 2011 :

Peperiksaan Akhir : PMPI di DKTAMS pada jam 8.30 pagi-11.00pagi. Selepas di DKTAMS, tak sempat dah aku nak balik bilik rasanya. Jam 12.00 tengahari-5.00 petang shift sebelah petang di bilik Pesta Konvo bersama Ana. Memang sah, angkut semua buku-buku untuk study. Jangan kacau aku study walaupun tengah duty.

21 Jun 2011 :

Peperiksaan Akhir : KU di DKTAMS pada jam 8.30 pagi-11.00 pagi. Habis exam, berkejar balik KKM untuk kemas barang. HAA, petang-petang la check out dari KKM. Lagipun, kunci bilik di UO dah ada. Tak payah la nak berkejar dengan waktu pejabat.

Lunyai aku macam ni asyik nak berkejar. Kereta sewa pun tak cari dan booking lagi. Adooii

24 Jun – 26 Jun 2011 :

Kursus Pemantapan Pesta. Tempat masih menjadi tanda tanya. Aigooo, berkem la plak kalau dibuat luar daripada UKM. huhu.

2 Julai 2011 :

Undangan Majlis Perkahwinan Fiza dan pasangan di Taman Pelangi. Kalau Pesta tak tahan aku, aku akan cuba pulang. Masalahnya, nak ambil cuti, kena mohon 3 hari lebih awal. Kang, ada je aku cabut balik. HA HA HA. Muni ! Think your credit. Ok. Fine ==!

and, saya dipelawa oleh Kak Lida untuk menjadi fasilitator program motivasi di SM Teknik Pertanian di Chenor, Pahang. Interesting ! Nak ikut. Semua ditanggung, yang penting jadi fasi. TAPI, [sob sob sob], 3 hari 2 malam bermula pada 17 Jun sehingga 19 Jun 2011. Kalau join, tak study la jawabnya. Manakan sama study tempat sendiri dengan tempat orang. Tempat jatuh lagi ku kenang [Gara-gara jatuh hari itu]. :D

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06 di nenasi - Google Blog Search

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06 di nenasi - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di nenasi</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 06 Jul 2011 12:00 AM PDT

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BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di nenasi</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 06 Jul 2011 12:00 AM PDT

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BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di nenasi</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 22 Jun 2011 03:39 PM PDT

Rebecca Duckett highlights the risks posed by swiftlet farming in the George Town world heritage site in a letter to the Penang Chief Minister.

As a resident of George Town and as a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust, I want to bring to your attention yet again, the problem of swiftlet farming in our urban areas. The National Guidelines For Swiftlet Breeding are to be presented to Cabinet very soon and there has been no public discussion whatsoever with stakeholders, residents or NGOs. This lack of transparency has to be addressed before any Guidelines for Swiftlet breeding can be passed.

According to the June 2005 newsletter of the Malaysian Swiftlet Farmers Association, over 10% of houses - 400 houses- in George Town have been converted into swiftlet farms. The latest casual count estimates that these numbers could be closer to 20% of houses in George Town.

We do not oppose swiftlet farming in general; it is a very lucrative business which brings in approximately RM 1.5 billion per year. However, the damage urban swiftlet farming in George Town is doing to our "intangible heritage", by moving people out of buildings in order to open swiftlet farms, and to our "tangible heritage" by destroying the original features of the "exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses" that gave us our WHS listing in the first place is too great to be ignored.

Swiftlet farming encourages swiftlets to nest in a particular house, in order to harvest the nests that they build there. These nests are then sold on at an extremely lucrative price, to be used as the main ingredient in birds nest soup. We are not opposing the practice of swiftlet farming in general but we want it relocated from George Town into less populated, agricultural areas, for the following reasons:

1) Health concerns, including but not limited to:

- Cryptococcus
Dried bird droppings and bird's nests have been known to harbour the yeast spore Cryptococcus, which ideally forms colonies at 20 - 37°C (perfect for Georgetown) and which is responsible for infections in human beings. Inhalation of Cryptococcus spores cause lung infections, cryptococcal meningitis and pneumonia in healthy children and adults, and is particularly dangerous to anyone who is immuno-compromised.
King, Dr. John W. and DeWitt, Meredith L., "Cryptococcosis," http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215354-overview, October 30th, 2009

- Avian Flu
Avian flu, or H5N1, is a rare but severe disease that can be fatal. The last person diagnosed with avian flu was in Vietnam on 16th March of this year. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), "all birds are thought to be susceptible to infection with avian influenza viruses". It is possible that the avian flu virus could be introduced to swiftlets in George Town from migratory waterfowl, which scientists believe are "now carrying the H5N1 virus in its highly pathogenic form, sometimes over long distances."

The WHO states: "Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Malaysia have controlled their outbreaks and are now considered free of the disease. Elsewhere in Asia, the virus has become endemic in several of the initially affected countries." However, there is no reason to suggest that swiftlets coming into contact with infected migratory birds from other parts of Asia will not contract H5N1. Living in such close proximity to one another, contaminated swiftlets would quickly transfer the disease between themselves, increasing the chances for human infection either via direct contact with contaminated birds or contaminated feces, the two most common sources of infection. World Health Organisation, "Avian influenza "bird flu"," http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/avian_influenza/en/#countries, February 2006

- Dengue Fever

Pools of water created by swiftlet farmers to ensure an ideal humidity and temperature for the birds also create perfect breeding grounds for mosquitos, including Aedes Mosquitos, which carry Dengue Fever. Outbreaks in George Town on specific streets have recently been very common.

2) The danger swiftlet farming poses to George Town's Unesco status:

- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. George Town's World Heritage Site status is not just a label that will increase tourism, but a treaty signed to conserve the unique "intangible heritage" of George Town.

However, homes that are converted into birdhouses suffer irreparable damage, as original windows, doors, plasterwork and features are removed, and sprinkler systems are set up to keep the house humid. This not only causes water damage, damp and rot to that house, but also to adjacent properties, thereby threatening the "unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia...in particular [the] exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses" which gave George Town WHS status in the first place.

Puan Maimunah, as Acting General Manager to the George Town World Heritage Office, has stated that: "personally, the swiftlet industry poses a conflict to the World Heritage Site listing, and possibly needs to be relocated". If action is not taken against urban swiftlet farming, and George Town "loses the characteristics which determined its inscription on the World Heritage List" it may be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger or have its status as a World Heritage Site revoked. The Site listing undoubtedly brings more tourism and therefore more money to our city. The loss of our architecture and/or listing would negatively impact on tourism and harm the economy of George Town.

3) Noise pollution:

- The sound systems used to attract swiftlets by playing amplified birdsong continuously constitutes noise pollution, which is a nuisance for residents of and visitors to George Town. However, in recent months, the main source of noise pollution is the birds themselves because numbers have soared and are now out of control. The sky above residences in George Town are full of birds emitting piercing sounds especially in the early hours of morning, late afternoon and evening.

Responsibility of the Penang state government and its departments:

The Penang State Government controls the future of George Town. The decisions made now have long term consequences. In order to address these consequences, we urgently request that the State Government of Penang keeps to and enforces, the terms of the extended moratorium on Swiftlet breeding in George Town, that states that operators cannot start any new swiftlet farms in George Town. The moratorium was set up to halt the proliferation of swiftlet houses in George Town, not as a open bill for them to proliferate freely. The breeders are openly setting up new farms all over George Town. By condoning and allowing this to happen the State Government and MPPP accepts that it is responsible for any negative impact on public health and environment.

We request that the State Government creates a heft annual tax to be paid by each individual urban swiftlet farm until they have moved from the urban areas of George Town on or before the deadline set by the State Government. This tax creates a fund which can then be used when an outbreak of Avian Flu H5N1, Crytococcus or other disease relating to birds, breaks out enabling the State Government to act on any emergency measures needed for this outbreak or environmental disaster cleanup. For the swiftlet farmers, this tax payment will mark their dedication to the maintenance of their farms health and safety measures and further reinforces their responsibility and belief that swiftlet farming in urban areas amongst a dense human population, poses no dangers to humans. Non payment of this tax allows the State Government to forcibly close down the swiftlet farm.

We also insist that in addition, the State Government as a whole, with the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health, be made personally responsible for any environmental and health and safety issues that will arise from the spiralling increase in the population of swiftlets over George Town and the environmental disaster that will take place within the next few years, if swiftlet farms are not removed immediately from our urban areas. The State Government and the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health will also be personally responsible to pay any compensation required in events of death from any bird related disease, outbreak of disease, as well as the loss of investment made by stakeholders who have put huge investments into the belief that George Town will benefit from its Unesco World Heritage Status and is currently being marketed as a tourist destination and world class heritage site by the Penang State Government. Loss of investment should also include, but not be limited to, being forced to move from buildings because of an individuals fear to his/her own personal health and safety.

Laws are being enforced by the State Government on developers, on residents, on landlords that are trying to revitalise George Town as a residential, cultural, heritage and tourist hub, yet swiftlet farms are being allowed to proliferate freely, beyond the realms of law. The State Government must act with a balanced hand.

I would request your immediate assistance in lobbying the Malaysian Government to sign into law, guidelines explicitly prohibiting swiftlet farming in George Town and urban areas, and to act on bringing current owners of swiftlet farms in urban areas to justice. The health and safety of the rakyat and Malaysia's precious environment should be foremost in any Government initiative. Moving swiftlet farming out of George Town and urban areas is in keeping with the State Government of Penang's initiative for a "Cleaner, Greener, Penang" and must be viewed with long term benefit to all the rakyat, all cultures, all tangible and intangible heritage in George Town and our urban areas.

Rebecca Duckett is a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di nenasi</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 06 Jul 2011 04:01 PM PDT

Rebecca Duckett highlights the risks posed by swiftlet farming in the George Town world heritage site in a letter to the Penang Chief Minister.

As a resident of George Town and as a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust, I want to bring to your attention yet again, the problem of swiftlet farming in our urban areas. The National Guidelines For Swiftlet Breeding are to be presented to Cabinet very soon and there has been no public discussion whatsoever with stakeholders, residents or NGOs. This lack of transparency has to be addressed before any Guidelines for Swiftlet breeding can be passed.

According to the June 2005 newsletter of the Malaysian Swiftlet Farmers Association, over 10% of houses - 400 houses- in George Town have been converted into swiftlet farms. The latest casual count estimates that these numbers could be closer to 20% of houses in George Town.

We do not oppose swiftlet farming in general; it is a very lucrative business which brings in approximately RM 1.5 billion per year. However, the damage urban swiftlet farming in George Town is doing to our "intangible heritage", by moving people out of buildings in order to open swiftlet farms, and to our "tangible heritage" by destroying the original features of the "exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses" that gave us our WHS listing in the first place is too great to be ignored.

Swiftlet farming encourages swiftlets to nest in a particular house, in order to harvest the nests that they build there. These nests are then sold on at an extremely lucrative price, to be used as the main ingredient in birds nest soup. We are not opposing the practice of swiftlet farming in general but we want it relocated from George Town into less populated, agricultural areas, for the following reasons:

1) Health concerns, including but not limited to:

- Cryptococcus
Dried bird droppings and bird's nests have been known to harbour the yeast spore Cryptococcus, which ideally forms colonies at 20 - 37°C (perfect for Georgetown) and which is responsible for infections in human beings. Inhalation of Cryptococcus spores cause lung infections, cryptococcal meningitis and pneumonia in healthy children and adults, and is particularly dangerous to anyone who is immuno-compromised.
King, Dr. John W. and DeWitt, Meredith L., "Cryptococcosis," http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215354-overview, October 30th, 2009

- Avian Flu
Avian flu, or H5N1, is a rare but severe disease that can be fatal. The last person diagnosed with avian flu was in Vietnam on 16th March of this year. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), "all birds are thought to be susceptible to infection with avian influenza viruses". It is possible that the avian flu virus could be introduced to swiftlets in George Town from migratory waterfowl, which scientists believe are "now carrying the H5N1 virus in its highly pathogenic form, sometimes over long distances."

The WHO states: "Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Malaysia have controlled their outbreaks and are now considered free of the disease. Elsewhere in Asia, the virus has become endemic in several of the initially affected countries." However, there is no reason to suggest that swiftlets coming into contact with infected migratory birds from other parts of Asia will not contract H5N1. Living in such close proximity to one another, contaminated swiftlets would quickly transfer the disease between themselves, increasing the chances for human infection either via direct contact with contaminated birds or contaminated feces, the two most common sources of infection. World Health Organisation, "Avian influenza "bird flu"," http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/avian_influenza/en/#countries, February 2006

- Dengue Fever

Pools of water created by swiftlet farmers to ensure an ideal humidity and temperature for the birds also create perfect breeding grounds for mosquitos, including Aedes Mosquitos, which carry Dengue Fever. Outbreaks in George Town on specific streets have recently been very common.

2) The danger swiftlet farming poses to George Town's Unesco status:

- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. George Town's World Heritage Site status is not just a label that will increase tourism, but a treaty signed to conserve the unique "intangible heritage" of George Town.

However, homes that are converted into birdhouses suffer irreparable damage, as original windows, doors, plasterwork and features are removed, and sprinkler systems are set up to keep the house humid. This not only causes water damage, damp and rot to that house, but also to adjacent properties, thereby threatening the "unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia...in particular [the] exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses" which gave George Town WHS status in the first place.

Puan Maimunah, as Acting General Manager to the George Town World Heritage Office, has stated that: "personally, the swiftlet industry poses a conflict to the World Heritage Site listing, and possibly needs to be relocated". If action is not taken against urban swiftlet farming, and George Town "loses the characteristics which determined its inscription on the World Heritage List" it may be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger or have its status as a World Heritage Site revoked. The Site listing undoubtedly brings more tourism and therefore more money to our city. The loss of our architecture and/or listing would negatively impact on tourism and harm the economy of George Town.

3) Noise pollution:

- The sound systems used to attract swiftlets by playing amplified birdsong continuously constitutes noise pollution, which is a nuisance for residents of and visitors to George Town. However, in recent months, the main source of noise pollution is the birds themselves because numbers have soared and are now out of control. The sky above residences in George Town are full of birds emitting piercing sounds especially in the early hours of morning, late afternoon and evening.

Responsibility of the Penang state government and its departments:

The Penang State Government controls the future of George Town. The decisions made now have long term consequences. In order to address these consequences, we urgently request that the State Government of Penang keeps to and enforces, the terms of the extended moratorium on Swiftlet breeding in George Town, that states that operators cannot start any new swiftlet farms in George Town. The moratorium was set up to halt the proliferation of swiftlet houses in George Town, not as a open bill for them to proliferate freely. The breeders are openly setting up new farms all over George Town. By condoning and allowing this to happen the State Government and MPPP accepts that it is responsible for any negative impact on public health and environment.

We request that the State Government creates a heft annual tax to be paid by each individual urban swiftlet farm until they have moved from the urban areas of George Town on or before the deadline set by the State Government. This tax creates a fund which can then be used when an outbreak of Avian Flu H5N1, Crytococcus or other disease relating to birds, breaks out enabling the State Government to act on any emergency measures needed for this outbreak or environmental disaster cleanup. For the swiftlet farmers, this tax payment will mark their dedication to the maintenance of their farms health and safety measures and further reinforces their responsibility and belief that swiftlet farming in urban areas amongst a dense human population, poses no dangers to humans. Non payment of this tax allows the State Government to forcibly close down the swiftlet farm.

We also insist that in addition, the State Government as a whole, with the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health, be made personally responsible for any environmental and health and safety issues that will arise from the spiralling increase in the population of swiftlets over George Town and the environmental disaster that will take place within the next few years, if swiftlet farms are not removed immediately from our urban areas. The State Government and the Heads of the Veterinary Department and Public Health will also be personally responsible to pay any compensation required in events of death from any bird related disease, outbreak of disease, as well as the loss of investment made by stakeholders who have put huge investments into the belief that George Town will benefit from its Unesco World Heritage Status and is currently being marketed as a tourist destination and world class heritage site by the Penang State Government. Loss of investment should also include, but not be limited to, being forced to move from buildings because of an individuals fear to his/her own personal health and safety.

Laws are being enforced by the State Government on developers, on residents, on landlords that are trying to revitalise George Town as a residential, cultural, heritage and tourist hub, yet swiftlet farms are being allowed to proliferate freely, beyond the realms of law. The State Government must act with a balanced hand.

I would request your immediate assistance in lobbying the Malaysian Government to sign into law, guidelines explicitly prohibiting swiftlet farming in George Town and urban areas, and to act on bringing current owners of swiftlet farms in urban areas to justice. The health and safety of the rakyat and Malaysia's precious environment should be foremost in any Government initiative. Moving swiftlet farming out of George Town and urban areas is in keeping with the State Government of Penang's initiative for a "Cleaner, Greener, Penang" and must be viewed with long term benefit to all the rakyat, all cultures, all tangible and intangible heritage in George Town and our urban areas.

Rebecca Duckett is a council member of the Penang Heritage Trust

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