ads

Khamis, 12 April 2012

06 di janda baik - Google Blog Search

0 ulasan
URL Sumber Asal :-

06 di janda baik - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di janda baik</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 06 Apr 2012 11:14 PM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di janda baik</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 01 Apr 2012 11:42 PM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di janda baik</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 29 Jan 2012 08:30 PM PST

URL Sumber Asal :-

mandi manda <b>di janda baik</b>, pahang - Nana + Amrul = Damia

Posted: 29 Jan 2012 08:33 PM PST

ari sabtu lepas kami berempat g janda baik ( aku,mia,nana &deah falsya kena tinggal lagi hehee.) ni sebenarnya last mnt plan ni..ari jumaat baru gedik2 memasing whatsapp nak g janda baik.memandangkan memasing xde apa nak di buat sabtu tu kan..makanye kami seme on saje..

perjalanan amek masa dalam 40 minit je kot..xjauh pon lepas terowong karak tu lalu belakang hentian genting sempah dah sampai...memang dekat sangat2..memandangkan si nana ada ramai sedara mara nye kt janda baik ni..makanye kami semua pon bernaseb baik..sebab??mulanye ktorg plan nak bli durian kt kampung2 tu nk makan tepi sungai..sekali nana singgah umah mak andak dia..nengok2 ada durian sekotak...tak cukup dengan durian manggis sepastik dia kasi ktorg..wah murah rezeki tau..baik2 belaka orang janda baik ni hehee...

ktorg pon bli nasi lemak kt kedai2 tepi jalan tu, bawak g makan tepi sungai, bentang tikar...siap ada buahan2 tempatan wah...serius..aman damai rasa..aku sangat jatuh cinta dengan kampung dalam janda baik ni...tenang je rasa.ni lah kali pertama aku mandi kt janda baik ni..& kali ke-2 aku jejak janda baik..padahal dekat je pon bukan jauh

dulu masa pestime datang sini, aku pegi umah pelakon rosnani jamil (masa keje ngan finas dulu la) ada kena buat satu klip untuk malam finas..kena intebiu mak nani..tu la pes time datang janda baik..lama dah tahun 2005 dulu...7 tahun baru jejak balik janda baik..memang terbaikkk lah tempat ni

tujuan utama kami datang sini saje nak sevey tempat..sebab mcm ada plan nak datang wat BBQ kat sini ramai2..insyallah kalau xde aral la..ingat nak datang dok chalet sini semalam...bila tak tau lah lagi...bulan 2 ingat nye tapi aku plak xleh sebab hjg bln nak g oliday.

 riang sungguh hati angkut durian orang haha..orang dah kasi kita amek la...xbaik tolak rezeki
 khas untuk falSYA yang kena tinggal..hehhehee
tengok la betapa ktorg xpernah melupakan kau SYA...walau di mana pon kami berada..wahahahahha
 ni mia yg cadangkan wat pose gini
mama...mia bisik2 kat mama..suh deah amek gambar haha...
 terima kasih batu sungai tolong amekkan gambar kami hehee
air sungai ni memang tersangatlah sejuk..bahagian kepala aku xbasah pon...sampai tang dada je basah,ngelat xtahan wei..beku.aku ni pon turun masuk dlm air kejap2 je nk amek gmbr pastu dok atas tikar makan manggis haha..seme menda yg bole di makan lah aku makan......si nana kata baik xyah datang mandi sungai mentekdarah je keje hahaha....
 dah abes salin baju kitaorang terjah beberapa chalet yg ada kt sini mmg banyak gile chalet pilih je mana suke dari yg mahai kepada yg murah
 sangat cantik tau kt sini
 balik tu singgah ada satu port lawa....
port teratai layu di tasik madu heheh...
 next entry nanti aku tunjukkan beberapa tempat2 penginapan yg kami bole sajeskan kepada kamu2

Sign up HB!Affiliate to enjoy free gift!

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di janda baik</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 27 Mar 2012 11:13 PM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

Retreats at Maranatha Retreat House, <b>Janda Baik</b> « Immaculate <b>...</b>

Posted: 27 Mar 2012 06:47 PM PDT

maranatha 2

May 3-6 (3 nights) : Co-Heirs with Christ! (Rom:8-17). Joyous discipleship is based entirely on the 'wondrous exchange effected daily at the Holy Eucharist. All of this is in the context of membership in the Body of Christ and in our  mission of service to humanity.

Retreat Master : Fr. Fio Mascarenhas, SJ

Register with Margaret : 017-6686429 (SMS during the day). For more information, please check out our website: www.maranatharetreathouse.com. †

Tags:

My Life&#39;s Story Blog...: Weekend @ <b>Janda Baik</b>

Posted: 12 Feb 2012 08:18 PM PST

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di janda baik</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 27 Mar 2012 11:13 PM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

Retreats at Maranatha Retreat House, <b>Janda Baik</b> « Immaculate <b>...</b>

Posted: 27 Mar 2012 06:47 PM PDT

maranatha 2

May 3-6 (3 nights) : Co-Heirs with Christ! (Rom:8-17). Joyous discipleship is based entirely on the 'wondrous exchange effected daily at the Holy Eucharist. All of this is in the context of membership in the Body of Christ and in our  mission of service to humanity.

Retreat Master : Fr. Fio Mascarenhas, SJ

Register with Margaret : 017-6686429 (SMS during the day). For more information, please check out our website: www.maranatharetreathouse.com. †

Tags:

My Life&#39;s Story Blog...: Weekend @ <b>Janda Baik</b>

Posted: 12 Feb 2012 08:18 PM PST

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di janda baik</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 03 Apr 2012 11:39 PM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

di negeri pahang - Google Blog Search

0 ulasan
URL Sumber Asal :-

di negeri pahang - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: <b>di negeri pahang</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 02 Apr 2012 09:42 PM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

Sungai Rapat Online: Najib Tiba <b>Di Negeri</b> Sembilan

Posted: 09 Feb 2012 09:31 PM PST



Datuk Seri Najib Razak tiba pagi ini untuk lawatan kerja sehari ke Negeri Sembilan.

Ketibaan Perdana Menteri dan isteri, Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor jam 9 pagi dengan helikopter di Padang Awam Seri Menanti dekat sini, disambut Menteri Besar, Datuk Seri Mohamad Hasan dan isteri, Datin Seri Raja Salbiah Tunku Nujumudin.
Najib dan Rosmah kemudiannya menghadap Yang di-Pertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan, Tuanku Muhriz ibni Almarhum Tuanku Munawir dan Tunku Ampuan Besar Negeri Sembilan, Tuanku Aishah Rohani di Istana Besar Seri Menanti, Kuala Pilah.



Mereka meninggalkan istana jam 10 pagi untuk ke majlis penyerahan surat tawaran memiliki rumah projek penempatan semula penduduk di Kampung Abok, Rahang di sini.

Pada tengah hari, Najib dijadual menghadiri jamuan makan tengah hari bersama pemimpin Barisan Nasional negeri di sebuah hotel terkemuka di sini, sebelum menunaikan solat Jumaat di Masjid Sikamat.

Pada sebelah petang, Perdana Menteri akan menyertai majlis menyambut ulang tahun ke-50 Pertubuhan Seni Silat Gayong Malaysia dan Perdana Gayong Malaysia Sedunia 2012 di Padang Majlis Perbandaran Seremban.

06 di kuala lipis - Google Blog Search

0 ulasan
URL Sumber Asal :-

06 di kuala lipis - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di kuala lipis</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 04 Mar 2012 12:00 AM PST

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di kuala lipis</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 04 Mar 2012 07:24 PM PST

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di kuala lipis</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 23 Jan 2012 04:11 AM PST

URL Sumber Asal :-

Agar aku tidak lupa: Morning walks at <b>Kuala Lipis</b> - Historical buildings

Posted: 23 Jan 2012 03:33 AM PST

After walking around the town [photos of which will be posted after this one], I took a cab and asked the taxi driver if he can be my personal tour guide for the day. You see, though Kuala Lipis is a small town in comparison to other towns in Malaysia, it will take me hours and hours or possibly at least a couple of days to fully cover it on foot. Moreover, it is a very hilly town. God forbid I'd collapsed from all the climbings.. hehe.
I became instantly fascinated by the old buildings. My mind wonders what it was like during their hey days. About the people who stayed there, the families that came all the way from England by ships which could have taken them months to reach Malaya. Of the sort of constructions involved in building the houses and residencies which still seemed to stand the test of times. Of the British officials, high ranking personnels and socialites partying at the Pahang Club. Of what would a day in the life of Sir Hugh Clifford's be like.
Anyways, here are the images I managed to capture during the 5 hours of being driven around by Uncle Raju the taxi driver cum personal tour guide. As it turned out, much much to my delight, uncle Raju is one of those old folks that has lots and lots of fabulous anecdotes about Kuala Lipis :).
I must admit that I had fallen in love with this sleepy and picturesque town :)
Lipis District Administration's Building
This building was completed in year 1919 and the management center for Pahang Darul Makmur state. On the second floor of this building was where the British Residen and Administrative Officers of Pahang State resided. While on the ground floor was the revenue collection and treasury office of British Government. Lipis at that time was the largest district in Pahang State. Its area included all the present Jerantut District and was one the richiest district with gold, ore, forest products and rubber.
Lipis Heritage Museum
This historic house was completed in year 1920. This house is situated on top of Bius hill, one of the historic hills in Kuala Lipis. This was a prominent housing area for high rangking government officials and Daerah Lipis's notable individuals. This house is said to be historic because the former Menteri Besar of Pahang and the current Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dato' Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak was born and brought up here. His father, the late Allahyarham Tun Abdul Razak bin Dato' Hussien once had resided in this house when he was the Secretary for the government of Pahang.
After Dato' Sri Najib resided in this house, it is still being maintained by the Government of Pahang to be occupied by Group 'A' Government Officer.
Pahang Club
It was the earliest building built by the British in 1907. This building site was the first base where the English first administer Pahang. The purpose in building this house was for Sir Hugh Clifford's who was at that time the Ulu Pahang's Superintendent.
Sir Hugh Clifford then planned to build a more suitable residence to monitor Kuala Lipis area and found Bukit Resident as a more suitable site. While waiting for the new house to be completed, he resided in the Pahang Club House till 1922.
When the Sir Hugh Clifford moved out to Resident House in 1922, this club house then became the official home of Inspector of Police till 1926. This police inspector headed the British Police Force where his team members constituted of people of Sibu, Dayak and Malay amounting to 100 people.
In 1926, the house was vacated and became the club for British Official and High Ranking Personals. Its membership was opened to British and Royal family. That time, the Pahang Club as at its peak, became the meeting place of the rich and famous. It was told that not any one can enter the club house. Patrons must be fully dressed in shirt and tie which symbolizing status at that time. Patrons' shoes must be mirror shine as the floor of this club which was polished daily.
After Malayan independent in 1957, the state capital was shifted to Kuantan. With the dwindling membership, it was opened to the public, irrespective of their origin or social standings.
Residency building
This Residency building was built in year 1922, at the highest hilltop in Kuala Lipis, home for the English Resident. The first resident to reside in this building was Hugh Clifford, 'Superintendent of Ulu Pahang'. Then all the Residents after him followed suit to stay in this building until the launched of second world war in year 1942 to 1945. In year 1958 to year 1965 this building was made Hostel for Male Student of Clifford School. This Bukit Residens's hostel then being closed in 31 December 1965. This house was left empty until 1983 before being made Government Rest House. In 1 December 1985, Lipis Muzium Corner has been created to display artifact and Kuala Lipis District culture. It is also the first Muzium Corner established in the Pahang State.
Thean Hou Gong temple
This temple was constructed by Buddha followers devoted to the Goddess Thean Hou in Lipis in 1898 presided by Kapitan from Ong generation. This temple was located facing the Sungai Jelai believed to look after the fishermen safety. Statue in this temple was brought in from China. In this temple there is a carved stone describing Thean Hou temple history. In 1926, massive flood had badly damaged part of this temple and had been to be rebuilt by using concrete structure and monitored by local superintendent at that time.
The Clifford School
The Clifford School (formerly the Anglo-Chinese School) was built in 1913 and named after Sir Hugh Clifford, the second British Resident to Pahang. Many of the States leaders and royalty were educated there. SMK Clifford is one of the premier school in Malaysia, the buildings and set up was a heritage left by the British. The original school was damaged by the big flood on 1926, thus a replacement had to be built. During the Japanese occupation in 1940, Kuala Lipis became the center of administration for Japanese in Pahang. Then the school was turned into a military head quarters and the classrooms became a place or torture and execution.

Clifford Secondary School at first was known as Goverment English School and commenced in 1913. When it first started it was only a little cottage at Sungai Jelai bank (now Jelai road) and had 12 pupils, all of them male. In 1918, total pupils increased to 200 then the school was forced to shift to to the present location.
The school buildings at that time was only made of wood as it was known the largest academic institution in Pahang State. The original school was damaged by the big flood on 1926, thus a replacement had to be built.
This school opening ceremony was done in 1929 by Sir Hugh Clifford, former Pahang British Resident. In 1926, he had become Governor of The Straits Settlements and High Commisioner of the Federated Malay States. To commemorate him the school was name under him after the ceremony.
This school had made history by becoming the first school to hold School Certificate Class in 1936. There were 11 students took the School Certificate exam and 9 of them had passed. Besides excellence in academic, this school also reached a great success in field of sports.
During the Japanese occupation in 1940, Kuala Lipis became the center of administration for Japanese in Pahang and this school was converted to Japanese army camp and became the military headquarters and Kempeitai Head Quaters.. The classrooms became a place or torture and execution.

State Mosque
The State Mosque was constructed in 1888 by a Yemeni Arab merchant by the name of Habib Hassan. He also donated his land for the mosque. Originally, this mosque's roof was made of wood.
This mosque was proclaimed as the Pahang State Mosque because Kuala Lipis was the capital of Pahang before Kuantan. The first imam of the mosque was Imam Awang who originally came from Indonesia. The first local to be the imam of the mosque was Imam Kawi, the second imam. At that time, the imam's salary was paid by using the zakat (alms) money. The first imam who received his salary from the government was Imam Salih bin Hussin.
According to the old folks' story, the uniqueness about the mosque was that it never gotten submerged in flood water even though the town of Lipis had several times experience massive floods. The location of the mosque, near the bank of the River Jelai also does not compromise it when floods hit.
Gurdwara Sahib
This building was constructed in 1918 during English ruling. It was built by Sikh community who worked as English Police, train station workers and English army.
With this Gurdwara Sahib, Sikh society expanded in Kuala Lipis. Although the Sikh population had deteriorated in numbers in recent years, this building is an historical evidence of the society's first settlement in the town.
Kuala Lipis Train Station
This train service started operating in 1926, where in its beginning only linking Kuala Lipis to Johore Bharu in the South, Chegar Perah in North and to Tumpat, Kelantan.
It was also the first land route introduced in Kuala Lipis. During the Japanese occupancy, the railway line was used as route to transport Japanese army to the south to attack Singapore. Apart from that it was the main transportation for the local as most Kuala Lipis District economic products are being channelled through this service for gold and ore.
Jelai Bridge
Jelai bridge was built after world war 2 at Bukit Betong designed by the British. It had to be rebuilt after the Japanese surrendered in 1945 as earlier the bridge was bombed by the retreating British army. The British planes were bombing the bridge in 1941 in an effort to slow the Japanese movement to Singapore.
No photograph may be reproduced, downloaded, copied, stored, manipulated, or used whole or in part of a derivative work, without written permission from Syed Amran. All rights reserved.

06 di jerantut - Google Blog Search

0 ulasan
URL Sumber Asal :-

06 di jerantut - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di jerantut</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 04 Apr 2012 01:35 PM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di jerantut</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 22 Mar 2012 12:00 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

Gadis Hilang <b>Di Jerantut</b> Ditemui Di Kuantan | Kamaluddin&#39;s Blog

Posted: 22 Mar 2012 07:20 PM PDT

- Mar 23, 2012 10:20:30.

Gambar hiasan

Seorang pelajar berusia 15 tahun yang dilapor hilang selepas keluar membeli kad tambah nilai telefon bimbit, di Jerantut, Isnin lepas, ditemui bersama teman lelakinya di Kuantan.

Ketua Polis Daerah Jerantut Supt Azid Ismail berkata pelajar terbabit Nornabila Mat Yaacob yang dipercayai mengikut teman lelakinya ke Kuantan, ditemui keluarganya pada pukul 10 malam Rabu.

"Ibu pelajar terbabit, sebelum itu menghubungi teman lelaki anaknya itu dan dimaklumkan Nornabila berada di Kuantan.

"Keluarga Nornabila yang menetap di Taman Koperasi, Jerantut ke Kuantan dan menemui Nornabila di sebuah kedai serbaneka di Taman Tas, Kuantan," katanya kepada Bernama, di sini Khamis.

Azid berkata berdasarkan siasatan awal, pelajar terbabit pernah melarikan diri dari rumah sebelum ini bersama teman lelakinya yang berusia 20-an dan telah berkahwin itu.

06 di tanjung lumpur - Google Blog Search

0 ulasan
URL Sumber Asal :-

06 di tanjung lumpur - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di tanjung lumpur</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 08 Apr 2012 01:04 PM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di tanjung lumpur</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 25 Feb 2012 09:48 AM PST

URL Sumber Asal :-

Batu Tepi Jalan ( BTJ ): Menjamu Selera <b>Di Tanjung Lumpur</b>

Posted: 25 Feb 2012 09:48 AM PST

Sampai di Kuantan malam telah di pangkal lewat. Perut agak lapar. Di Kuantan ini lokasi makanan yang sedap ialah Tanjung Lumpur.

Terus ke Tanjung Lumpur untuk menjamu selera. Kami makan di benteng kampung Tanjung Lumpur. Lala, ikan kerapu dan pari menjadi bahan asas menu yang dipesan.

Makan dengan bersemangat hingga menjilat sepuluh jari. Lebih menjilat jari dari KFC. Tidak sabar untuk berhimpun esok. Ayuh!

06 di sebertak - Google Blog Search

0 ulasan
URL Sumber Asal :-

06 di sebertak - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di sebertak</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 11 Apr 2012 09:19 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

06 di gebeng - Google Blog Search

0 ulasan
URL Sumber Asal :-

06 di gebeng - Google Blog Search


BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di gebeng</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 11 Apr 2012 07:18 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di gebeng</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 10 Apr 2012 07:06 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di gebeng</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 09 Apr 2012 07:37 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di gebeng</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 08 Apr 2012 07:23 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di gebeng</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 07 Apr 2012 07:23 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di gebeng</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 06 Apr 2012 07:12 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di gebeng</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 05 Apr 2012 07:11 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di gebeng</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 04 Apr 2012 07:34 AM PDT

URL Sumber Asal :-

BLOG PAHANG: 06 <b>di gebeng</b> - Google Blog Search

Posted: 05 Mar 2012 12:00 AM PST

URL Sumber Asal :-

Malaysia Waves: PENDEDAHAN MENGAPA PERLUNYA KILANG <b>...</b>

Posted: 05 Mar 2012 03:48 PM PST

ULASAN: Tulang Besi diberikan link kepada artikel ASIA SENTINEL di bawah berkaitan dengan pengeluaran "rare earth" oleh negeri China.

Rupa2nya CHina telah mengambil keputusan untuk mengurangkan pengeluaran "rare earth" secara drastik.

Mengikut laporan di bawah, kemungkinan 50% atau lebih bekalan "rare earth" dunia akan berkurangan ekoran keputuan Beijing untuk membersihkan segala kekotoran yang ditinggalkan oleh industri "rare earth" di China.

Kemusnahan yang dihasilkan oleh industri ini telah menyebabkan ribuan rakyat CIna mengidap penyakit2 kronik seperti kanser dan "jantung hitam".

TIdak termasuk asap2 beracun yang begitu menyeliputi CIna serta air2 radioaktif yang sedang memusnahkan kehijauan serta muka bumi China.

Maka, kilang LYNAS telah dicadangkan dibuat di Gebeng mengikut piawaian negara China. Sedangkan piawaian yang sama telah menyebabkan kemusnahan alam sekitar yang sangat serius di Cina. TIdak termasuk penyakit2 kronik yang melanda rakyat Cina.

Bagi saya, siap sedialah menghadapi kemusnahan yang dahsyat di Malaysia apabila kilang Lynas mula beroperasi nanti.

China's Rare Earth Mining Catastrophe
Written by Our Correspondent
Tuesday, 21 June 2011http://www.blogger.com/img/blank.gif

A dramatic lesson as the rest of the world gears up to replace the falling Chinese supply

Last December, China's Commerce Minister, Chen Deming, said the country "has no choice" but to take stringent measures to clean up its rare earths industry, placing export controls on some of the world's most vital elements.

Beijing cut exports for the first half of 2011 by 35 percent, following a 72 percent reduction for the second half of last year. While most of the attention in the world's press centered on what was regarded as a strategic decision, Chinese officials said they could no longer afford the damage to their environment. With one third of the world's rare earth reserves, the country at that point was delivering 95 percent of the world's exports of 17 different rare earth substances, which go into a wide and growing variety of crucial industries from computer to catalytic converters to wind farms to many more.

The fact is that the country faces massive damage from mining and smelting. Over the last two or three years China has begun to face up to the fact that the rare earths mining industry is beset by widespread illegal mining, virtually complete lack of worker safety guidelines or measures, which has wrecked a broad swath of the country and left thousands of miners suffering from a variety of deadly diseases with pneumoconiosis, or black lung disease the most prevalent. Doing something about the destruction has become imperative.

Google "China rare earths environmental damage" and hundreds of stories will appear. The industry in China produces five times the waste gas, including fluorine and sulfur dioxide as the total flared off annually by all miners and oil refiners in the United States, according to a speech by Xu Xu, the chairman of the Chinese Chamber of Commerce of Metals, Minerals, and Chemicals Importers and Exporters in December in Beijing, who was quoted in a variety of publications. In addition to that, Xu was quoted as saying, the industry produces 13 billion meters of gas and 25 million tons of wastewater filled with cancer-causing heavy metals including cadmium and others.

These are some issues that are being considered in Australia, California and Malaysia as the world scrambles for additional supplies to replace those China is shutting down. Excluding China, global industries will require 55,000 to 60,000 metric tons of rare earth metals in 2011, with a third to a half coming from China. There is always the question in China whether environmental rules will do any good. Some authorities estimate that fully half the rare earth metals being produced in China are smuggled out of the country after being mixed with other ores to disguise them. Nonetheless, the Ministry of Environmental Protection announced that further emissions caps for 15 types of pollutants related to rare earth mining and smelting will go into effect on Oct. 1, probably constricting the supply more .

Cindy Hurst, an analyst for the U.S. Army's Foreign Military Studies Office in Fort Leavenworth quoted the Chinese Society of Rare Earths in an article for the website The Cutting Edge that "Every ton of rare earth produced (in China) generates approximately 8.5 kilograms of fluorine and 13 kg of dust; and using concentrated sulfuric acid high temperature calcination techniques to produce approximately one ton of calcined rare earth ore generates 9,600 to 12,000 cubic meters of waste gas containing dust concentrate, hydrofluoric acid, sulfur dioxide, and sulfuric acid, approximately 75 cubic meters of acidic wastewater plus about one ton of radioactive waste residue (containing water)."

All of the rare earth enterprises in the Baotou region of China, Hurst wrote, "produce roughly 10 million metric tons of all varieties of wastewater every year, most it discharged without being effectively treated, which not only contaminates potable water for daily living, but also contaminates the surrounding water environment and irrigated farmlands." In addition, each ton of rare earths produces 2,000 tons of mine tailings, which often contain radioactive thorium.

Despite those dangers, it appears certain that the appetite for rare earth minerals can only grow, and the attendant dangers. And if China can't supply them, other countries will. In California, a mine in Mountain Pass near the Mojave Desert is being reopened after closing nine years ago because of environmental issues. The mine, being reopened by a company called Molycorp Inc., will have to answer to 18 different California regulatory agencies, spending US$2.4 million annually on monitoring and compliance.

Malaysia, where a wholly-owned Australian firm called Lynas Corporation Ltd is seeking open a US$595 million processing plant for ore shipped from Australia, is currently on the firing line, with environmentalists and opposition political parties dead set against its opening. Lynas says the plant is nearing completion and could start processing ore in September.

On June 4, with protesters waving signs outside the Kelantan hotel where they were staying, an international panel of independent experts arrived to inspect the plant. The panel has since returned to Vienna to renew its findings and is expected to submit its report to the Malaysian government at the end of the month.

Lynas has been struggling to open the plant since 2006, It received its original license in January 2008. The political fallout, especially since the West Australian government announced 10 days ago that it would refuse to accept waste material from the plant, has been heavy, with some observers forecasting that the plant wouldn't open until after national elections projected for later this year or early next.

Malaysian government officials say improved processing techniques have considerably ameliorated any environmental damage and that extraction will use far less damaging techniques to produce more rare earth ores.

Mustapa Mohamed, Malaysia's minister of international trade and industry, took to the New Straits Times newspaper last week to say the government had carefully considered the Lynas proposal and that when it was first submitted in 2006, "it raised questions that went beyond the ambit of (the country's) economic considerations."

The government, he wrote, was " well aware then that the rare earth industry was associated with health and safety issues, especially after the experience of the Asian Rare Earth (ARE) project in Perak in the early 1990s." In that particular incident, a Mitsubishi Chemical subsidiary processing indigenous rare earths ended up with a US$100 million bill and eight deaths from leukemia that were laid to contamination at the plant.

Thus, Mustapa wrote, "it was pertinent to ask what impact the Lynas project would have on public health. How will it affect the environment and the livelihood of people living in its vicinity? Are these risks measurable, and within acceptable limits? Do we have the rules, regulations and institutional framework to monitor and manage these risks? "

Lynas, he said, was granted its manufacturing license after being required to comply with a long list of safety standards defining the acceptable amount of radiation that can be released into the atmosphere throughout the process from construction to decommissioning and remediation.
The Fukushima nuclear plant near meltdown in Japan in the March 11 earthquake, he said, had raised extensive debate and that "some people living in the vicinity of the Lynas site believed the project would pose unacceptable health and safety risks to human life and the environment. In the view of some at least, the project should be terminated."

Thus, he said, he asked the International Atomic Energy Agency to appoint the nine-member panel to study the safety issues. The health and safety of the populace, he said, is the government's number-one priority, one that "overrides all other considerations, and any decision on Lynas will not be made at its expense."

He said the construction of the plant and its incipient risk "highlights the need for investors to be responsible corporate citizens in their host country. They should adhere to standards of conduct and governance which are not in any way inferior to those practiced in their home country. I think these are legitimate expectations, and no enlightened investor will have any quarrel with them."


 

BLOG PAHANG

Copyright 2010 All Rights Reserved